Woods of the nearby mountains
On the west-looking slopes sessile oak and turkey oak forests, on the peaks (for example the Nyerges-hegy or the Kada-csúcs) andesitic karst forest and on the slopes of valleys (for example the Sztelin Stream) talus slope with linden can be found. In the valleys oak-hornbeam (in Sztelin Stream) and black alder woods (in Bükkös Stream and earlier Sztaravoda Stream) could form and on the gently sloping hillside loess steppe oak woods (in Pismány) are present. In the wet, sometimes watery parts of the dips various associations and marshlands could form at of former deforestation meadows. Known tourist attractions are the Kő-hegy (Stone Hill), the Vasas-szakadék (Vasas Cleft) and the Lajosforrás (Lajos Spring). The forests belong to the Danube-Ipoly National Park and also to the European ecological network, Natura 2000.
Meadows on the outskirts of the town
These needlegrass meadows are extremely valuable. Similar habitats can be found at Alföld, on plain land. Grassland accompanied by woodland (Stipetum tirsae) could only survive the intensive cultivation at the border of the gullies, in former ridges – that are mounds of stones on the border of the wineyards, which were thrown out during hoeing – and on pastures. It returned from these hidden places and diffused enriching the land on a bigger territory with many spectacular, protected flowering plants.
The Danube and the woods in the tide lands
Along the Danube at Szentendre there is a narrow forest belt of willow and poplar all the way (except at the downtown section). Because of the deforestation and river control these forests became rare all over Europe. Most of them are under local protection and together with the Danube they belong to the territory of Natura 2000. Many protected mammals, birds and fishes live in the Danube and in the woods of the tidal area, such as the otter, the heron, the osprey, the streber and the barbus rebeli.
Streams, grooves and springs
Multiple gullies were formed on the steep slopes of the mountains around the town. Some of them were formed naturally, others are the results of human intervention. For example rainwater removed soil to a considerable depth as a consequence of deforestation or carriage roads leading to wineyards became ditches. Almost thirty springs pour in these ditches and watercourses like in the valley of Sztelin or Bükkös Stream. On the study trail starting from the Püspökmajor housing estate visitors can discover the Püspökmajor Spring. The Bükkös Stream study trail offers the Fehérvíz Spring. The water of the well-known Sztaravoda Spring is not always drinkable but has a really good taste and can be found in the valley of the river with the same name, behind the Skanzen.
Walking along the Bükkös, one can cross the beautiful alder woodland, which is rare in the country. At certain other locations the woods of the bed are in a bit worse state. The wooden ditches connecting the mountains and the Danube are functioning like corridors and shelters for animals and plants, making the environment more pleasant, so it is important to protect them.
Pomáz – Tófenék
The lowest part of the plain that belongs to Szentendre and is situated between Pomáz and Szentendre is called Tófenék (meaning the bottom of a lake). During rainy springs water remains here for long but it couldn’t form a lake for 150 years because of the water gangs. This is the most special part of the town, the westernmost taleteller of the wetland habitats’ characteristics of Alföld. Plants and animals of the marshlands, swamps, reeds and meadows, which are so rare today, live here. The former flood area of the Danube is now protected by dams, most of the territory is part of the Natura 2000 network. Small, semi-artificial lakes can be found at the bordering areas, giving shelter to the plants and animals of the waters.
Hungarian source: Natural Resources and Sights of Szentendre published in 2008 by the Living Landscape Association (Élő Táj Egyesület)